I am unable to convert the numbers into binary format. It is too difficult to understand. Please help me with this so that I will be able to move ahead. Thank you.

Hi.

It is very simple. Take pen and paper. Let’s do it step by step.

Step 1: divide the number by 2 until it reaches to 1

For example let’s find binary of 13

13 / 2 => remainder = 1 quotient = 6 (take whole number)

6 / 2 => remainder = 0 quotient = 3

3 / 2 => remainder = 1 quotient = 1

1 / 2 => remainder = 1

step 2: Now arrange the remainders from bottom to top: which is 1101 which is binary of 13.

Another example: find binary of 20

20 / 2 => remainder = 0, quo = 10

10 / 2 => remainder = 0, quo = 5

5 / 2 => remainder = 1 quo = 2

2 / 2 => remainder = 0 quo = 1

1 / 2 => rem = 1

Arrange from bottom to top: 10100

I hope it is clear now.

Note: the binary conversion for negative numbers is different.

Thanks.